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Archive | May, 2012

University Of Belize

University of Belize

Posted on 27 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

University Of Belize

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H.E Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda

Forging Local Economic Safety Nets: Uganda’s Road From Independence

Posted on 17 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

H.E Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of UgandaFifty years after her independence in 1962, Uganda has braved significant governance and economic challenges making her population one of the most resilient people of our age. With a young and fragile democracy at the advent of Independence, a rudimentary economy that was heavily dependent on raw cash crop export, Uganda set out with a promise of hope to its citizens. Endowed with significant natural resources, including ample fertile land, regular rainfall, and mineral deposits, the economy of Uganda had great potential, and it appeared poised for rapid economic growth and development. However, previous political instability and erratic economic management produced a record of persistent economic decline that left Uganda among the world’s poorest and least-developed countries. Various economic policies have been adopted in a bid to provide maximum benefit to the citizens and in order to grow the country from subsistence to an industrial economy. From the hardnosed capitalism policy of the early to mid 60s, quasi socialism of the late 60s, economic stress and deprivation of the 70s and rebirth of the late 80s, Uganda’s economic path has been characterized by turbulence.

Hon Adolf Mwesige Minister of Local Government, UgandaThe 1990s were characterised by strong economic growth, partly driven by external and internal factors and shocks. The Government’s liberalisation and privatisation policies, implemented since 1992, were intended to improve efficiency in the allocation of resources, and the management of business – both of which were expected to maximise economic growth. The economic policies and measures Uganda implemented from 1992 led to a significant improvement in the performance of the economy. From 1992 to 2000 real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew by nearly 7% per annum, on average. Growth in the agricultural sector was much slower than growth in industry or services, making it harder for people employed in this sector to move out of poverty. Major emphasis was put on infrastructure rehabilitation and inflation control, which was seen as the overarching condition for investment and, consequently, economic growth. Annual underlying inflation rates fell from 26% in 1992/93 to 5% in 1999/2000. In addition to controlling inflation and improving production price incentives through liberalisation, the Government created the Uganda Investment Authority (UIA), which was to identify investment constraints, propose appropriate interventions to address the identified constraints, and be a one stop centre for foreign investors so as to quicken business start ups. The UIA put in place an investment code that was mainly geared to attracting foreign direct investment.

To further anchor the economic policies and increase their benefit to the poor, the Government embarked on major shifts in the country’s governance structures especially at sub-national level. In 1992 Uganda adopted Decentralisation as the main mode of governance. This was later to be buttressed in the Constitution (1995) and the Local Governments Act (1997). The policy devolved powers and functional responsibilities over decision-making and service delivery to popularly elected local governments.

Notwithstanding the good economic performance from 1992 to 2000 that ought to have benefited all categories of people, including the chronically poor, and regardless of an elaborate institutional framework, sub-national development still faced a number of challenges. These were aggravated among other things by; over-reliance on public capital investments, a non-conducive environment for micro investments, poor access to financial services, high interest rates and a weak government-private sector interface for exploiting synergies.

A Joint Review of Decentralisation held in 2004 revealed serious departures between the obtaining economic policies and the benefits of the Decentralisation Policy itself. The major criticism at the time was the inability of the Government to exploit the comprehensive decentralized governance structures for more pro-poor economic development.

As a result of this policy interrogation, a new and sixth objective on Decentralization was agreed: “To Promote Local Economic Development in Order to Enhance People’s Incomes”.

“The purpose of local economic development (LED) is to build up the economic capacity of a local area to improve its economic future and the quality of life for all.  It is a process by which public, business and nongovernmental sector partners work collectively to create better conditions for economic growth and employment generation”- World Bank. LED offers local government, the private and not-for-profit sectors, and local communities the opportunity to work together to improve the local economy.  It focuses on enhancing competitiveness, increasing sustainable growth and ensuring inclusiveness.  LED encompasses a range of disciplines including physical planning, economics and marketing.  It also incorporates many local government and private sector functions including environmental planning, business development, infrastructure provision and finance, among others. It is premised on the network principle which promotes “structures of interdependence involving multiple organizations or parts thereof, where one unit is not merely the formal subordinate of the others in some larger hierarchical arrangement” (O’Toole 1997). In Uganda, Local Governments are continuously building networks with a variety of public and private agencies to plan, budget and implement custom-designed policies and projects geared at increasing the economic well-being of the respective communities.

The practice of local economic development is being undertaken at different geographic scales – namely through a national context, at and within the Local Governments. At the national level, LED is the main flagship for the 5 Year National Development Plan (NDP) whose main theme is “Growth, Employment and Socio-Economic Transformation for Prosperity”. The NDP subscribes to the Millennium Development Goals with particular emphasis on MDG 1- “Eradicating extreme poverty and hunger”. A draft LED Policy and Draft Strategy provide an overarching framework for implementing LED.    Districts and Municipal Councils are pursuing the inclusion of LED strategies into the mainstream development plans that govern resource allocation within their respective jurisdictions. The Local Governments play a LED promotional role in terms of providing the right economic infrastructure, governance framework and through stimulating business development services. On the other hand, individual communities and areas within a given local government are also encouraged to adopt specific LED strategies to improve their economic competitiveness.  As such, communities will continually improve their investment climate and business enabling environment and ultimately improve individual and taxable household incomes.

A number of best practices are merging and they include:

  • Ensuring that the local investment climate is functional for local businesses;
  • Supporting small and medium sized enterprises and
  • Encouraging the formation of new enterprises and attracting external investment (nationally and internationally);
  • Investing in physical (hard) economic infrastructure;
  • Investing in soft infrastructure (educational and workforce development, institutional support systems and regulatory issues);
  • Supporting the growth of particular clusters of businesses;
  • Engaging in conscious regeneration or growth (areas based initiatives  programme especially for the urban centres;
  • Supporting informal and newly emerging businesses;
  • Targeting special interest and disadvantaged groups.

The Decentralisation Policy, therefore, offers great opportunity not only to tackle poverty at household level but also to widen the tax base of the Local Governments. This in turn enables them to finance service delivery hence being accountable to their constituents.

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The National Gas Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited

Posted on 16 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

The National Gas Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited (NGC) is a state-owned company that purchases and transports, sells and distributes natural gas to industrial users. We own, maintain and operate the country’s transmission and distribution pipeline network of 880km, both offshore and onshore. Our transportation capacity is currently 4.4 billion cubic feet per day.   NGC is strategically positioned as a midstream operator with strong linkages to upstream and downstream activities.

In 2012—after 37 years in the business—NGC has become a diversified group of companies that dominate the major segments of the local gas value chain. The NGC Group has major investments in pipeline infrastructure, marine and industrial site development and services, upstream gas and oil production, NLG and LNG production and shipping.

Evidence of our success is that our diverse asset base was over US$5 billion and after tax profits US$3.44 billion in 2011. Gas utilized in 2011 was 1,645 MMscf/d.

With the achievement of investment grade company status, and credit ratings of an A– (S&P), Baaa1 (Moody’s) and AAA (CariCris), NGC is able to meet its financial obligations for major capital projects. This financial strength has positively impacted NGC’s ability to weather periods of weak commodity prices and uncertain economic circumstances.

Our business model—the “Trinidad Model of Gas Development”—is globally recognized and emulated. NGC’s vision is to be a valued partner in the global energy business and is leveraging its significant experience and robust financial condition to pursue global gas and related energy opportunities. In this regard, NGC is offering technical expertise and seeking investment opportunities in pipeline construction and operation, NGL production and marketing, gas transmission and distribution services, gas compression, and industrial site management.

This is The Natural Gas Company of Trinidad and Tobago Limited (NGC) as it continues to maintain a legacy of creating exceptional value for its shareholders: the Government and Citizens of Trinidad and Tobago.

The National Gas Company of Trinidad and Tobago Fossil Advert

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University of Trinidad and Tobago

Posted on 16 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

The University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT) is the National University with a core focus that is relevant to the evolving developmental needs for both a  local and regional environment. UTT’s mission is, “to be an entrepreneurial university, designed to discover and develop entrepreneurs, commercialize research and development, and spawn companies for wealth generation and sustainable job creation towards the equitable enhancement of the quality of life of all individuals, families and communities of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago and the Caribbean”.

As Trinidad and Tobago celebrates 50 years of independence, UTT’s significance as  the National University, is fundamental to  propelling the nation forward and, as such, UTT’s campuses have been rebranded as Centres of Excellence in areas of Creativity, Technology, Energy, Agriculture, Maritime Studies, Performing Arts and Sport. The Energy Institute of Trinidad and Tobago (EITT), which is to be located at the Pt. Lisas Campus, is specifically designed to facilitate the needs of Trinidad and Tobago’s largely hydrocarbon-based economy. Among other things, the Institute will focus on the discovery, production, transportation, conversion, utilisation and conservation of energy. At these Centres of Excellence, students can expect to find a plethora of activities associated with their area of study, making UTT a nucleus for both intellectual and innovative progress. UTT is also currently in discussions with the Ministry of Science, Technology and Tertiary Education, as well as other stakeholders, to assess the feasibility of including  aviation studies as part of its programme offerings.

UTT received Institutional Accreditation from the Accreditation Council of Trinidad and Tobago (ACTT) in December 2010. Programme Accreditation continues to be a priority of the University, with international accreditation for specific programmes being actively sought in order to allow graduates the benefit of professional membership in international bodies.

The following UTT programmes have received Specialised Programme Accreditation:

Accredited by the Energy Institute, United Kingdom (EIUK) –

• Bachelor of Science in Petroleum Engineering

• Master of Science in Petroleum Engineering

• Master of Science in Petroleum Technology

Accredited by The Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology (IMarEST):

• Master of Science in Operational Maritime Management

• Bachelor of Science in Nautical Science

• Diploma in Maritime Operations – Engineering Option

• Diploma in Maritime Operations – Navigation Option

UTT offers programmes in a wide range of stimulating fields such as Engineering, Sports, Health Administration and Information Technology and  this diversity is indicative of the unique needs of Trinidad and Tobago’s growing society. A mandate of the University is to create a skilled and highly effective workforce that can position itself strategically in an evolving global community. Entrepreneurship continues to remain a core aspect of UTT’s vision and mission and graduates of the University are empowered with the knowledge, creativity and innovation needed to accomplish their dreams and to attain their fullest potential.

UTT uses a seamless and integrated approach to learning where, in many cases, instruction is combined with practical industry training through the University’s Cooperative Education approach. UTT offers excellent placement opportunities as bridging points between the University and the wider industry. The use of traditional classroom practices, combined with practical experience, fully equips graduates for the reality of the work environment. Graduates are therefore exposed to a cadre of soft skills which will enable them to be industry – ready and a valuable asset to any organisation.


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Guyana GoInvest Artwork

Guyana Go Invest

Posted on 16 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

Guyana GoInvest Artwork

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Trinidad and Tobago: Investment Opportunities and Public Private Partnerships

Posted on 15 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

Trinidad and Tobago is so highly reputed in the oil and gas industry globally that many developing countries have been seeking the advice of local consultants, practitioners and government technocrats to assist in transferring the success of what has become known as the ‘Trinidad Model’ to their economy.  Unlike the majority of its energy-based cohorts, Trinidad and Tobago boasts of being a stable democracy with an open and consistent legislative framework which provides for transparent and accountable business transactions.  The twin-island republic has benefitted from the proceeds of oil and gas receipts and as such has a highly educated population and an enabling business environment.

Coupled with spillover effects from the highly developed energy sector, Trinidad and Tobago has differentiated itself from its Caribbean neighbours through increasing levels of entrepreneurship, efficiency, risk taking and innovation. With one of the highest growth rates and per capita income in Latin America and the Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago is the business and financial capital of the Caribbean as well as the manufacturing power house providing the other Caribbean countries with a significant portion of their commercial and consumer products.

For many years, Trinidad and Tobago has been host to more than 400 multinational companies in the energy sector as well as in the non oil sector – banks, insurance companies, hotels, fast-food restaurants, technology providers, power generation companies and consumer goods manufacturers.  This is attributable to:

  • Geographic location at the crossroads of the Americas;
  • Access to regional and international markets through trade and investment agreements;
  • Low energy costs;
  • Educated and skilled labour force;
  • Developed infrastructure;
  • 100% ownership of locally-registered private companies; and
  • No foreign exchange controls.

The government of Trinidad and Tobago is committed to increasing this foreign direct investment stock and has embarked on several initiatives to improve the country’s productivity and competitiveness.  To this end, invesTT, a state agency under the auspices of the Ministry of Trade and Industry is dedicated to driving the growth and development of the non-oil sectors by encouraging and facilitating new investments in the following sectors: Light Manufacturing, ICT, Creative Industries, Maritime Industries, Clean Technology, as well as provide investment information in any sector outside of this remit.

As a dynamic developing nation, the government of Trinidad and Tobago has prioritized the need to develop existing infrastructure as well as improve service delivery to a standard of international benchmarks.  While there are several examples of Public Private Partnerships, these arrangements have all been informal and generated mixed successes.  Simultaneously, the government has acknowledged the special competencies and resources of the private sector and the critical role they must assume in appreciating the competitiveness of Trinidad and Tobago.  As such, a Public Private Partnership Unit under the Ministry of Finance was constituted in August 2011.  It is the intention that PPP projects in areas such as health, infrastructure and financing will synergistically contribute to government’s overall initiatives to position Trinidad and Tobago to take full advantage of investment opportunities in a sound and sustainable manner.

Trinidad and Tobago is investment ready and investment friendly.

For further information on investment opportunities in Trinidad and Tobago please contact:

invesTT Limited

Tel: 1 868 638 0038  or 1 868 675 1989

Email: info@investt.co.tt

Website: www.investt.co.tt


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Tshwane University of Technology (TUT)

Posted on 09 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

The sign of quality…

As the largest residential higher education institution in the country, the Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) will provide you with skills, knowledge and opportunities to enable you to live your life to the full and to create your own destiny.

The seven faculties offer an large range of diploma and degree programmes for prospective students to choose from more of 70 per cent of which are also offered at a postgraduate level.


While we excel in both the cultural arena and the sport arena and have a vibrant student life, we remain a focused academic institution. New market-related courses are developed continuously with the help of members of trade and industry – ensuring that courses are affordable and that curricula have definite vocational and professional links.


Most courses also have an experiential learning component to ensure that you can apply the knowledge


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University Of Johannesburg

University of Johannesburg

Posted on 09 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

University Of Johannesburg

The University of Johannesburg is a premier African city university, committed to delivering outstanding higher education to students of exceptional calibre and potential. Known for its excellence in teaching, research and community outreach, UJ stands poised to address the challenges of our national transformation agenda, by combining the best of university and vocation-oriented education inherited from the years of experience of its constituting institutions.

International students UJ welcomes various categories of international students

  • Full-time undergraduate applicants who need a post-school qualification that is equivalent to a South African matric and postgraduate applicants who need a relevant first degree.
  • Study Abroad students in various categories

Come and experience:

• Academic excellence in a world class city

• An awesome student life

• Diversity that adds spice to student life

• An outstanding academic and social encounter

• Support on non-academic matters for the duration of your study

UJ offers international students the opportunity to experience an academic and social encounter of outstanding cultural, political and historical significance.

We offer programmes in 9 faculties; Art Design & Architecture, Education, Economics and Financial Sciences, Engineering and Built Environment, Health Sciences, Humanities, Law, Management and Science

Contact the University of Johannesburg

at www.uj.ac.za or visit the UJ Facebook

page or the www.go2uj.mobi site

Click here for our ad


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The University of the Western Cape (UWC)

Posted on 08 May 2012 by Gaurav Malik

Vision and Mission
The University of the Western Cape (UWC) is a national university, alert to its African and international context. It is committed to excellence in teaching and research, to nurturing the cultural diversity of South Africa and to responding to the needs of a society in transition. Drawing on its proud experience in the liberation struggle, the University is aware of its academic role in helping build an equitable and dynamic society.

Message from the Rector and Vice-Chancellor, Prof Brian O’Connell
UWC is an engaged university, remaining responsive to the social and economic development imperatives of the country. The University is one of South Africa’s leading higher education institutions, and is ranked in the top five in the country in the research areas of Development Studies, History, Physics, Biology and Biochemistry, Computer Science, Molecular Biology and Genetics. As an historically disadvantaged university, UWC is committed to supporting Africa’s development through research and to providing teaching and learning opportunities that are contextually responsive to the challenges of globalisation and which enhance the students’
capacities as change agents. In doing so, it has one of the lowest fee structures in South Africa.

Undergraduate programmes
• Community & Health Sciences promotes primary health care and its School of Public Health is a designated World Health Organisation.
• Arts offers high quality education which enables graduates to pursue careers in many fields.
• The Law Faculty offers legal training and carries out legal research within all branches of the legal profession.
• Dentistry, one of five dental schools in South Africa, produces 47% of all the country’s dentists.
• Natural Sciences offers programmes such as Water Studies, Herbal Sciences, Bioinformatics, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Population Studies, Materials Science, Marine culture, Reproductive Physiology and Environmental Science.
• Economic & Management Sciences offers programmes in accounting, economics, business management, finance, politics, industrial psychology (human resource management), information systems, development studies and public administration.
• The Education Faculty covers fields such as pre- and in-service teacher education, language education, science and mathematics education, curriculum studies, adult education, further education, higher education, policy studies, special needs education, the history, sociology and philosophy of education, as well as
educational leadership and management.
Postgraduate programmes and Research The Arts faculty hosts the Centre for Humanities Research, recognised as the leading centre of its kind in South Africa. Cutting-edge research by the Institute for
Poverty, Land and Agrarian Studies and by academics in the Community Law Centre in human rights law and children’s rights continue to impact on policy formulation and development at national and international levels. The African Centre for Citizenship and Democracy works towards the development of a more inclusive citizenship in the region and the African Continent.

The UNESCO Centre of Excellence in Science and Mathematics Education in Africa, under the UNESCO Chair, has championed research capacity development in these areas. UWC has been awarded 11 South African Research Chairs – in Poverty & Agrarian Studies; Astrophysics; Bioinformatics & Human Health; Mathematics Education; Nano-Electrochemistry and Sensor Technology; Microbial Genomics; Earth observation applications for water resources assessment and management; Multi-Level Government, law and development; Nuclear Science; and Health Systems, complexity and social change.

The South African National Bioinformatics Initiative is one of 18 comparable centres worldwide, hosting a dedicated super Cray Computer for research. The University hosts a National Centre of Excellence, the
DST/MinTek Nanotechnology Innovation Centre (NIC) Biolabels Unit as well as a Biosensors Lab, and the Department of Science and Technology has recently established a Nanoscience Centre at UWC to develop South Africa’s human capital needs in this area.

The International Centre for Indigenous Phototherapy Studies (TICIPS) is a major UWC/University of Missouri (USA) project on indigenous knowledge systems within the South African Herbal Science and Medicine Institute. The University has major research programmes in Biotechnology and hydrogen fuel cells (instead of fossil fuel) as energy resource and hosts a DST (Department of Science and Technology) National Centre of Competence in hydrogen fuel cell technology.

In 1963, UWC capped 23 students with undergraduate degrees. In 2011, the University capped over 4000 graduates – 74 of whom where PhDs.

UWC is a metaphor for South Africa – a place of hope to action through
knowledge. Partner with us in our continent’s journey!

Join UWC in its pledge to find solutions for the challenges facing Africa and the world.
• For International Relations, contact Mr Leolyn Jackson at ljackson@uwc.ac.za
• For all Research-related queries and programmes, contact Deputy Vice-Chancellor: Academic, Prof Ramesh Bharuthram at rbharuthram@uwc.ac.za
• For all Funding Partnership Projects, contact Pro Vice-Chancellor, Ms Patricia Lawrence at plawrence.uwc.ac.za


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